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NBC News’ Own ‘Underage Migrant’ Gaffe Reveals Challenge Facing Employers

NBC News made news of its own recently when it was forced to retract its investigative story about “Pedro,” whom the network presented as a 16-year-old from Guatemala who got a job cleaning slaughterhouses in Kansas.

Pedro was in fact 21, and his story was as fake as the documents he got from the criminal network that helped him both cross the border and illegally obtain a job.

His employer, Packers Sanitation Services Inc. (PSSI), says NBC’s gaffe shows the no-win situation for employers trying to hire immigrant workers and play by the rules — a sentiment echoed by a growing number of immigration and labor experts.

The industrial services company provides good-paying jobs for hard workers with relatively few skills, making it a magnet for immigrants who want to work. But the flood of undocumented migrants, along with a wave of identity theft and fake IDs, has left PSSI and other businesses stranded on the front line of immigrant enforcement.

As PSSI said in a statement when NBC first aired the erroneous report, this is part of a national problem facing companies from coast to coast. “There is increasing identity fraud facing employers, government officials, and many others – even journalists – amid a record crisis of unaccompanied minors entering the United States’ increasingly strained shelter/sponsor system.”

Experts warn that the situation is getting worse as more migrants pour across the border. Jessica Vaughan with the Center for Immigration Studies said that while some employers don’t do enough to keep from hiring undocumented workers, the real culprit is the federal government.

“Pedro had no trouble taking advantage of dysfunctional border policies that wave in anyone claiming to be a minor,” Vaughan said. “And since fake documents worked at the border, why not use more fake documents to get a job? “I’m not generally sympathetic to employers, but it’s unrealistic to expect a business owner to be expert lie detectors and forensic document experts.”

Not that large employers don’t try. Hearthside Food Solutions in Grand Rapids, Mich. has used e-Verify as part of its hiring policy for more than a decade. The company “has a strict policy against employing individuals under the age of 18,” CEO Darlene Nicosia said in a statement. “Nor do we use staffing agencies that hire people under the age of 18 to work in our facilities, even on a temporary basis.”

Hearthside issued that statement after a New York Times report earlier this year on a 15-year-old girl working in one of its food packaging plants.

“When The New York Times reported that underage workers who may have used falsified documents were hired by staffing agencies, and later assigned to temporarily work at places like and including Hearthside, it came as a shock and major disappointment to us,” Nicosia said.

PSSI has also used e-Verify for 20 years. And the company has invested more than $10 million in “biometric identify verification” and other measures to comply with workplace safety and other standards.

But how can these businesses be a bulwark of enforcement in an environment where, according to the federal government, an estimated eight million undocumented immigrants are in the U.S. workforce, including 250,000 minors whom the U.S. government has allowed to enter the country without their parents in just the past two years alone?

And the problem is likely to increase exponentially as Title 42 rules that governed the border expire on May 11 and even more migrants cross into the U.S. Tens of thousands of would-be immigrants have already amassed in Juarez, Mexico. Federal officials report that just in the 10-day period ending May 2, more than 73,000 migrants illegally crossed the southern border.

As for the exploitation of migrants under 18, that shouldn’t come as a surprise to the Biden administration. In 2016, when Biden was vice president and current DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas served as deputy, the Senate released a scathing bipartisan report on the treatment of underage migrants in the U.S. The investigation was inspired by the horrific treatment of children working at egg farms in Marion, Ohio.

“Unaccompanied children are uniquely vulnerable to human trafficking because many are in debt to the smugglers who arrange for their passage,” Sen. Rob Portman (R-Ohio) wrote in 2016. “The risk is that the smugglers may then force them to work off that debt once they arrive. That’s why federal law specifically requires the Department of Health and Human Services to protect those kids from traffickers and others who seek to victimize them.”

“The subcommittee’s investigation also revealed that HHS has failed to address systematic deficiencies in their placement process, even after these deficiencies were highlighted by the Ohio case,” added Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.)

American business owners want to be part of the solution, they say, but argue they can’t be the entire solution. Without federal enforcement and some limit to the flow of undocumented migrants, the problem will continue.

“As citizens and as parents, we don’t want a single person under 18 working for PSSI, period,” said Gina Swenson, a PSSI spokesperson. “This isn’t about economics. It’s about doing the right thing.”

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STEVENS: We Need to Address Our Border Crisis

We are a nation of immigrants, and, in many ways, this is one of our greatest strengths. But today, we are struggling to understand how we should address the flood of immigrants coming into the country. This is not the first time we have wrestled with this issue; if we are honest with ourselves, we have always had trouble dealing with immigration.

It is absolutely essential that we figure things out this time. We like to think of ourselves as a nation of promise, a nation that stands for freedom and a good life. And many in the world see us this way. But today, our immigration policy is in shambles. And Democrats and Republicans have failed to offer us a path to success.

In the last year, more than 2 million people were arrested while trying to enter the U.S. illegally. In addition, more than 1 million people have been released by authorities, pending a hearing on their requests for asylum. And only 10 American cities have a population that large. When will these hearings take place? This is a serious issue. The system is overwhelmed, and in the meantime, people keep streaming in. Every country has a responsibility to control its borders, and it is clear that we are not doing that.

Except for a few fringe activists, Democrats do not favor open borders, but few of them have not made the border crisis a priority. They amuse themselves by condemning the Trump administration’s policies, but that is not a solution.

Republicans, on the other hand, falsely claim that Democrats actually want to bring undocumented immigrants into the country to increase the number of non-White, non-Christian, Democratic voters. This may appeal to the Republican base, but it isn’t a solution either. Democrats seem to be hoping the problem will just disappear, and Republicans like using the problem to stoke fear. Democrats champion mercy, and Republicans champion toughness. We are in a dark place.

The answer is not to ignore the problem, and the answer is not to condemn and vilify immigrants. Although this is a multi-faceted and complex issue, a new vision has to address three major issues:

—Secure the border. Democrats hated Trump’s push for a wall, and I don’t think a wall is a solution, but the border must be secured before anything else is done. If we grant legal status to millions of undocumented immigrants before the border is secured, it will only encourage others to enter illegally.

—Redefine the meaning of asylum. Most of those trying desperately to enter the United States are not looking for asylum in the traditional sense; they are not personally under the threat of persecution by their government. They want a better life, and America should be excited about welcoming people who want to join us, work hard and make a better life for themselves. But if they have to try to prove something untrue, that they are seeking political asylum, then they will be forced to lie or hide from officials.

We need a broader definition of asylum, one that recognizes those fleeing terrible poverty, vicious gangs and rampant unemployment — places where there is no hope of a decent life. If we make this change, it will incentivize people to enter the country legally and welcome the legal process that lies ahead of them. They will not feel the need to act outside of the law. They will not live for years in the shadows, afraid of being exposed and vulnerable to being exploited by unscrupulous employers.

—Work consistently over several years, perhaps decades, to support economic and political improvements in the countries from which people are most likely to flee in the first place, such as Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador. It should be a priority for us to partner with the governments in these countries to help them become better places to live. If people in these countries have no reason to flee, the number of those coming to our border will decrease significantly.

We really need comprehensive immigration reform, but this will be impossible until we have a political leader who can articulate a clear, compelling vision of what it should be. The American people need to know that we control our borders and welcome the stranger seeking a better life. We need a vision of the future that combines toughness and mercy.

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FLOWERS: Breathing the Air of Freedom in the Delaware Valley on July 4

A woman came to my office the other day.  She was from Haiti and was looking for someone to help her apply for asylum. That’s not uncommon, since I’ve been practicing immigration law for the past 25 years. I’ve seen so many people over these two and a half decades, people who make me grateful for the life that I live in a country that respects my rights, allows me to go to church without looking over my shoulder, does not tell me what to wear, how to think, when to speak, and what role I need to play in society.

Sadly, that’s not the case for so many of my clients, and this woman was no exception. After a few uncomfortable moments of silence, she opened up about the horrific abuse she’d suffered in her own country. She’d been raped by a family member, beaten, and then when she tried to get help by telling her story to her parents, they didn’t believe her. The police didn’t help either, because in Haiti women have few protections.

When you talk to a woman who has been abused, as I have done many times over the years, there is a very distinctive look in their eyes. It’s a cross between despair, resignation, and in most (but not all) cases, hope. It’s the hope that motivates me to try and help them, and show them that in this country you have a chance to create the life you’ve been denied in the place you were born. I try and show them that the random nature of geography does not determine the course of their lives.

And there’s something I failed to mention. This woman was accompanied by her younger sister, who had come to this country years before and was now a naturalized U.S. citizen. She held my client’s hand and, in a Creole dialect that I could vaguely understand since I speak French, told her that this country would protect her and that she was now safe. Her exact words were, “This is the country of dreams.”

I’m not ashamed to say that my eyes brimmed with tears, which I was able to wipe with the back of my hand before either of them caught it. The tears did not come from the sister’s words but, rather, the circumstances of the visit. A day before, the U.S. Supreme Court had overturned Roe v. Wade. A couple of days before that, it had ruled in favor of school choice. And on that same day of the appointment, it had come down with another decision upholding the rights of a coach to pray on a playing field, in defiance of a governmental ban on public prayer. The right to life, the right to religious freedom.  The right to liberty. These things had happened in such a short span of time. And now, there was one woman who had suffered so deeply, being comforted by her loving U.S. citizen sister. That’s what made me particularly emotional.

The days surrounding the 4th of July usually have me thanking God for the circumstances of my birth. Not only am I an American citizen, but I was raised from the age of two months in the city where America itself was born. Boston played a central role, as did the beautiful cities of Virginia, and the blessed colony of Delaware which gave us one of the greatest heroes of our early, threatened union: Caesar Rodney. (And to those who are wondering, he was the delegate who, dying from cancer, rode back to Philadelphia to cast a vote that would guarantee enough votes for independence.)

But there is no place, and this is beyond any argument, that is more important and more central to the creation of this blessed nation than Philadelphia, my hometown. So I live these days surrounding the 4th with a special sort of pride bordering on patriotic arrogance. America really did start here. The Founding Fathers breathed the oxygen of our climes, walked our cobbled streets, drew sustenance from our pubs (and in Ben Franklin’s case, women) and wrote the words that would announce our righteous demand for life, liberty and the ability to pursue our happiness. We own that, in the Delaware Valley.

And in a beautiful confluence of events, I am able to appreciate the magnitude of this holiday commemorating our nation’s birth.  I have the ability to share the majesty of this country with a woman who is desperate for the protection we offer, the privilege of living in a country which recognizes the sanctity of unborn life (after 50 years of ignoring it), the gift of being able to thank God in public for these rich blessings and not have the government punish me because of it, and the birthright of this city, on a day that marks its greatest glory.

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ISER: Pennsylvania Needs Driver’s Licenses for All

Before 2002, you did not need a Social Security number to apply for a driver’s license in Pennsylvania. Instead, to prove your identity, you could provide a federally-issued tax identification number along with other documents. That meant undocumented immigrants were able to take and pass the driving exam in order to apply for a driver’s license.

In 2009, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) canceled the driver’s licenses of tens of thousands of undocumented Pennsylvanians who had legally obtained their licenses using pre-2002 criteria. As anyone who lives beyond easy access to public transportation knows, driving is a necessity for much of day-to-day life: Taking children to school, shopping for groceries, going to work, or getting to medical appointments.

In addition to making those everyday activities of life much more difficult, not having valid identification creates fear and stress within immigrant communities, including those where various family members have different immigration statuses. Having valid identification means that if an undocumented immigrant is pulled over during a traffic stop, they will not automatically be put into jail and be thrust into the quagmire of deportation hearings. Having state-issued identification is also vital for many other family functions. People might need an ID to get their prescriptions, or enter a medical facility, or prove they can pick up their children from school.

A remedy for this situation is being proposed in the Pennsylvania legislature, HB-279. The bill would provide driver’s licenses for all. Opening up driver’s licenses for undocumented immigrants is not only good for them but for all of us, for our safety and our economy. If implemented, it could expand the number of those who know the rules of the road, have car insurance, buy cars and gas for their cars, and have greater accessibility to more jobs. Undocumented immigrants are a vital part of our economy. In Philadelphia alone, approximately 50,000 undocumented workers pay more than $128 million in taxes annually.

As Jews, we have additional reasons based on our historical experiences and our religious tradition to be concerned about the welfare of immigrants. The Torah commands us to befriend and protect the stranger, no less than 36 times. It gives two reasons for this commandment. The first calls on our experiences and our compassion. “You shall not oppress the stranger, having yourself been strangers in the land of Egypt” (Exodus 23:9). The second reason the Torah gives is we were mistreated while strangers, so do not do to others what was done to you. To reinforce this, the Torah reminds us that God hears the cry of the oppressed. Not just our sojourn in Egypt, but thousands of years of wanderings and being outsiders should sensitize us to the experience of immigrants.

We just celebrated Sukkot where each night we invite ushpizin (guests) in the symbolic form of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, and David to enter our sukkot. We are supposed to donate the amount that would feed these supernal guests to the needy. Let us transform our sukkot into a metaphorical sukkah to protect all who need shelter and support.

Pennsylvania should join 15 other states, including New York and New Jersey, which have passed legislation providing driver’s licenses for all. Urge your state representative to support HB-279. It is both the moral and sensible thing to do.

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